November 30, 2020
History of the Blue Ridge Parkway
Posted by: Rick
A couple of weeks back…actually the week before the week of Thanksgiving…things were slow here at Engadine (they always are the weeks before and after a holiday weekend), so Tom and I decided to close for a few days, jump in Lovanna (our RV!) and head up into the mountains for a few days “off the hill”. It was time away that we needed after a busier than expected summer and fall.
We chose to stay at a new park for us…Mountain Stream RV Park near Marion (What a find! It’s now on our list of favorites for future return visits!) and The Blue Ridge Parkway.
While we were there, and given that we had the time to spend, we decided to experience the Parkway for ourselves for the first time in a long time. We spent two days driving and site seeing along the stretch of highway from the North Carolina Arboretum to Blowing Rock. The weather was spectacular…blue skies and warm temperatures…and because leaf season was behind us, we pretty much had the road to ourselves. What a treat!
As we drove, we marveled at the Parkway’s beauty and wondered about its history and the engineering and construction that went into it. Once back home, we Googled it and found the following information on the National Park Service’s website. Rather than trying to recreate my own version of its history and with credit to the NPS, I’ve included their narrative of the story here…
“Construction of the Parkway”
“The idea for the Blue Ridge Parkway was born when President Franklin Delano Roosevelt visited the newly constructed Skyline Drive in Virginia in 1933. Then U.S. Senator Harry Byrd of Virginia suggested to the president the road should be extended to connect with the recently established Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Roosevelt convened the governors of Virginia, North Carolina, and Tennessee and asked that a planning team be created. On November 24, 1933, Interior Secretary Harold Ickes approved this “park-to-park” highway as a public works project.”
“With a budget of $16 million, Ickes hired Stanley Abbott, a New York landscape architect, to oversee the project, and Abbott’s vision of a chain of parks and recreational areas with preserved viewsheds began to take shape. A study was conducted to determine the best route for the Parkway with the recommendation being a leg of the highway from the Blowing Rock, NC, area extend over the Unaka Mountains into Tennessee, connecting with the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.”
“The decision was met with great controversy, particularly by the city of Asheville, NC, which found itself in dire economic straits at the height of the Great Depression. The Asheville Chamber of Commerce and other city leaders joined forces to lobby against the proposed route in favor of a road that passed through their city. An intense campaign began in Washington with the states of Tennessee and North Carolina each vying for a different path for the Parkway.”
“The Asheville contingency employed the influential U.S. Ambassador to Mexico, Josephus Daniels, to lobby on their behalf. Roosevelt had served under Daniels as Secretary of the Navy when Daniels was Defense Secretary under Woodrow Wilson, and the two men were friends. Daniels managed to sway the administration to favor the Asheville route and construction began September 11, 1935, near Cumberland Knob, North Carolina.”
“Most of the construction was done by private contractors, but a variety of New Deal public works programs were also employed, including the Works Progress Administration (WPA), the Emergency Relief Administration (ERA), and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). When World War II began, approximately 170 miles were open to travel and another 160 miles were under construction. By the early 1950s, only half of the Blue Ridge Parkway was completed.”
“In the mid-1950s, the National Park Service launched a ten-year development program, called Mission 66, to mark the 50th anniversary of the agency's creation. The plan included an accelerated effort to complete construction of the Parkway by 1966. This initiative was very successful, finishing all of the Parkway’s construction with the exception of 7.7 miles at Grandfather Mountain, North Carolina. Grandfather owner, Hugh Morton, objected to the proposed construction at Grandfather, citing the fragility of the mountain’s ecology.”
“After years of negotiating, the revolutionary Linn Cove Viaduct – which had been constructed from the top down to protect the mountain’s terrain – opened in 1987, completing the Blue Ridge Parkway’s continuous 469-mile route.”
The beauty of the Blue Ridge Parkway is only equaled by its fascinating history. The next time you visit Engadine, set aside some time to enjoy this American treasure. Ask us and we’ll tell you about some of our favorite spots to see along the way…invigorating hikes, thundering waterfalls and spectacular views!